The Classical Archaeology of Greece: Experiences of the Discipline (Experiences of Archaeology)
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Archaeologists do not discover the past but take the fragmentary remains which they recover and make something of them. Archaeology is a process of detection and supposition; this is what makes it so fascinating. However, the interpretations of archaeologists differ and change over time. They depend upon the amount of evidence available, the ideas and preconceptions of the archaeologist and their interests and aims.
Michael Shanks's enlivening work is a guide to the discipline of classical archaeology and its objects. It assesses archaeology as a means of reconstructing ancient Greek society using the latest approaches of social archaeology. In addition, The Classical Archaeology of Greece outlines the history of the discipline and discusses why Classical Greece continues to fascinate us and why it has had such an impact on European civilization and identity.
place to go for a serious education. There was an impetus to emulate the Germans coming largely from within the American academies. In France in 1896–7 fifteen universities were opened on the German model. Despite these direct influences, major differences existed in the middle-class educational systems of the western nation states, but German scholarship was recognised as supremely rigorous and Hellenism held sway. This held that (an idealised) Greece was the origin of Europe, and access to it
articles displayed, their aura. The mode of illustration (usually studio photography) seems objective and transparent, a direct medium to the article. But this is a rhetoric of the image, for there is nothing ‘natural’ about studio photography, with the glare of tungsten lighting (albeit with colour 94 CLASSICAL ARCHAEOLOGY OF GREECE temperature adjusted) illuminating with efficiency every nuance, every mark on the surface. The viewer may well want this clinical gaze, but there are other modes
miles away towards the great rock Akrokorinthos and on its northern slopes is Archaia Korinthos, the small village of Old Korinth. The central square is right by the centre of the ancient city. Korinth was proverbially wealthy. Thucydides wrote in the fifth century BC: Because the Korinthians had their city on the Isthmus they have always had a market. In ancient times the Greeks travelled through the Korinthia to make contact with each other rather by land in and out of the Peloponnese than by
physical characteristics and attributes, and these help condition our responses to natural and cultural environments. Buildings have different scales and ambiences; landscapes and cityscapes are structured with respect to our movements through them and experiences of others within them. The social and historical construction of things is shot through with the biological. There are sculptural elements of the Venus de Milo which transcend class and history, according to Fuller, who follows the view
Etruscan tombs, with their designs complementing the aristocratic tastes of the deceased. The image and the viewer may be taken as the important matters; the painter and the potter, focus of the interest of connoisseur, can be argued to be almost irrelevant. Etruscan tombs were not galleries of artists but of images relating to experiences of death. SOCIAL ARCHAEOLOGY OF CLASSICAL GREECE 163 RELIGION AND RITUAL The apparent remains of what today is classed as religious form a major category of