Oceans Odyssey: Deep-Sea Shipwrecks in the English Channel, the Straits of Gibraltar and the Atlantic Ocean (Odyssey Marine Exploration Reports)
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In ten papers Odyssey Marine Exploration presents the technology, methodology and archaeological results from four deep-sea shipwrecks and one major survey conducted between 2003 and 2008. The sites lie beyond territorial waters in depths of up to 820 metres off southeastern America and in the Straits of Gibraltar and the English Channel. Exclusively recorded using robotic technology in the form of a Remotely-Operated Vehicle, the wrecks range from the major Royal Navy warships HMS Sussex (1694) and the unique, 100-gun, first-rate HMS Victory (1744)to the steamship SS Republic (1865) and a mid-19th century merchant vessel with a cargo of British porcelain. Their study reveals that the future of deep-sea wreck research has arrived, but also that many sites are at severe risk from destruction from the offshore fishing industry.
A British ironstone china water pitcher (H. 24.0cm). Fig. 66. A British ironstone china water pitcher (H. 19.5cm). Fig. 67. An ironstone china toothbrush holder with lid, known as a ‘brush box’ in 19th-century documents (L. 21.9cm). Fig. 68. An ironstone china toothbrush holder with lid featuring a decorative finial similar to other pottery wares recovered from the wreck (L. 21.9cm). Fig. 69. A British Ironstone china wash basin (H. 11.2cm). Fig. 70. A British ironstone china chamber pot (H.
bacterial genus present was Idiomarina. Both genera are known for being halophilic, and chemical analysis determined that sample C had the second highest salinity of all six bottles (approximately 47 ppt). There were archaea present in this sample, but it should be noted that archaea can be easily found in cold marine sediments. Archaea from sample C are found primarily (all but one) in the Euryarchaeota kingdom, which is known for it members being extreme halophiles. If this sample once
accompanied by a typed comment from the datalogger. The system is manned 24 hours a day when the ROV is in the water and automatically logs all events, including time, date, dive number and X, Y, Z coordinates of any activities. Every second of every dive is recorded in triplicate on high-capacity digital DVD. Archaeological and other interesting footage for which detailed examination is desirable is also recorded on High Definition tape. Detailed photo and video records are kept by the crew and
to recognize with certainty. Two or three sherds may be from a single vessel, but all others derive from different ceramic containers. Positive identification has proven difficult, a consequence of the condition of the pottery’s few diagnostic attributes. Initial consultation with a ceramic petrologist was unable to confirm suspected sources. Fig. 25. A substantial timber in Trench 5b, possibly the keelson, tapering inwards towards the south-west. The pottery does not appear to be cargo, given
publication and will include a comprehensive presentation of all archaeological data obtained to date, specialists’ reports on the environmental program, marine biology, pottery and brick, geochemical and petrological studies of the ballast, the wood species, and site interpretation. Acknowledgements The authors wish to express their sincere thanks to John Simkins, Maddy Southey and John Crockford of the UK Ministry of Defence; Andrea Parsons of Gifford UK and the staff of Gifford Gibraltar,