Interpreting Landscapes: Geologies, Topographies, Identities; Explorations in Landscape Phenomenology 3
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
This book takes a new approach to writing about the past. Instead of studying the prehistory of Britain from Mesolithic to Iron Age times in terms of periods or artifact classifications, Tilley examines it through the lens of their geology and landscapes, asserting the fundamental significance of the bones of the land in the process of human occupation over the long durée. Granite uplands, rolling chalk downlands, sandstone moorlands, and pebbled hilltops each create their own potentialities and symbolic resources for human settlement and require forms of social engagement. Taking his findings from years of phenomenological fieldwork experiencing different landscapes with all senses and from many angles, Tilley creates a saturated and historically imaginative account of the landscapes of southern England and the people who inhabited them. This work is also a key theoretical statement about the importance of landscapes for human settlement.
and the Slaughter stone, to the left, one has only limited glimpses into the interior of the monument. The details of its internal structures are almost entirely concealed from view. From the outside there is no obvious entrance into the sarsen ring, but rather a series of slots to pass through, which one might choose. The two stones through which one should pass remain unmarked. One is confronted with a massive structure of strong verticals and bold horizontals (Figure 3.7). The landscape beyond
uniform and regular face of the stone) faces outside or inside. This situation contrasts with the consistent pairing of stones with smooth or rough surfaces, seen from the inside, within the central arrangement of trilithons discussed above. 94 Chalk Country Stonehenge, in its ﬁnal megalithic form, as in its earliest, was never a circular stage set for ceremonies and performances. It was an oval stage open to the northeast. From the very beginning, discussion, analysis, and representations of
shoulder of the scarp but does not appear to have run down it just to the south of three round barrows unusually sited on a marked incline just above the steep scarp slope. There is no trace of this earthwork on the ground now, but Fowler was able to note its presence in the early 1960s (Fowler 1964: 54). It then ran across the ridge summit just to the south of another round barrow on the highest point and then descended, turning somewhat to the north to terminate at the head of a shallow
meandering coombe cutting into the scarp adjacent to the coombe to which Burcombe 1 and 2 are linked at their eastern ends. Here there are slight visible traces in woodland that may be the remains of this dyke. The two adjacent coombes are not visible from their heads at the scarp shoulders; neither are the three cross dykes, except at their western ends. The two coombes are markedly different in form. That to the east is sinuous, shallow, and meandering, that to the west much wider, deeper, and
also dominate. Excavation of parts of the inner ditch ﬁlls recovered large quantities of charcoal, with oak being the dominant tree species, and a child burial, fragments of animal bones, pots, and ﬂint tools. The outer ditch seems to have been completely inﬁlled with chalk rubble soon after it was dug. The rubble sealed a layer of material placed at the bottom of the ditch, including the disarticulated remains of two children and an adult male, scattered animal bones, ﬂint tools, axes, carved