Inscribed Landscapes: Marking and Making Place
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Landscapes all over the world are inscribed with enduring physical marks. Socially constructed and engaged, landscape inscriptions (monuments, roads, gardens, rock-art) are foci of social experience and as such are symbolic expressions that mold and facilitate the transmission of ideas. Through inscription, landscapes become social arenas where the past is memorialized, where personal roots, ambitions, and attachments are laid, and where futures unfold. Inscribed Landscapes explores the role of inscription in the social construction of place, power, and identity. Bringing together twenty-one scholars across a range of fields - primarily archaeology, anthropology, and geography - it discusses how social codes and hegemonic practices have resulted in the production of particular senses of place, exploring the physical and metaphysical marking of place as a means of accessing social history. Two major conceptual themes link the chapters of this book: social participation and resistance. Participation involves inter-relationships between people and place, the way inscribed environments and social experience intertwine; resistance relates to the rejection of modes of domination and their inscription in the landscape. The volume explores these themes in three parts: the first focuses on rock-art, the second on monuments, and the third describes how the physical and metaphysical articulate to inscribe places with meaning.
Valletta and Marsaxlokk, and habitation continued on the natural eminences of Mdina and Victoria (Gozo) that had been occupied since the Bronze Age. Headlands were ritualized (or reritualized) in preference to other locations. The multiple pre-Historic inscriptions in the Maltese landscape are remarkable in their intensity. Over a period of some 7,500 years places were inscribed and reinscribed, indicating a dynamic history of signification and use. The period of peak 1. In this chapter, the
archaeological attention, particularly since the 1950s. One dominant theme has been changing relations between people and between people and place through the course of (pre)history, perhaps best examplified by Kirch’s evolutionary approach to the emergence of Hawaiian kingdoms (e.g., Kirch 1997). Yet until recently one aspect of the archaeological record has been largely ignored by professional researchers: rock-art. This is perhaps surprising, because the island of Hawai‘i is rich in petroglyph
have explored sensual biographies for various items of material culture. For instance, MacGregor (1999) 95 considered the touch sensitivity of ancient carved stone balls from Scotland, and Edmonds (1999) commented on the pain and sound of flint knapping. Hamilakis (1998) pursued interests in the sensual aspects of food and drink consumption. Rock-art studies have also gone beyond the traditional visual interpretations of images with a certain amount of consideration having been given to other
Farshût Road, leads from Western Thebes toward Hou in the northwest. The northern route—the Alamat Tal Road, named for a toponym on Schweinfurth’s 1909 map of Western Thebes— leads from several kilometers north of Qurna, joining the Farshût Road at Gebel Qarn el-Gir, two-thirds of the way across the Qena Bend (Figure 8.1). The tracks of these routes appear as grooves worn into the limestone surface. On the low desert they Figure 8.1. The Qena Bend of the Nile, showing the major pharaonic tracks
made: 1. The traditional view of the Mesolithic in southern Britain does not allow for the occurrence of cut features. 2. Evidence is coming to light that such features do exist and, further, that they may have been discovered, but not recognized, during a number of excavations, both “old” and recent. 3. Where such features are identifiable, they are, with one exception to date, large pits, postholes, or even natural features, associated with indicators of Boreal woodland, which may be