Excavating Women: A History of Women in European Archaeology
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Archaeologists are increasingly aware of issues of gender when studying past societies; women are becoming better represented within the discipline and are attaining top academic posts. However, until now there has been no study undertaken of the history of women in European archaeology and their contribution to the development of the discipline.
Excavating Women discusses the careers of women archaeologists such as Dorothy Garrod, Hanna Rydh and Marija Gimbutas, who against all odds became famous, as well as the many lesser-known personalities who did important archaeological work. The collection spans the earliest days of archaeology as a discipline to the present, telling the stories of women from Scandinavia, Mediterranean Europe, Britain, France, Germany and Poland. The chapters examine women's contributions to archaeology in the context of other, often socio-political, factors that affected their lives. It examines issues such as women's increased involvement in archaeological work during and after the two World Wars, and why so many women found it more acceptable to work outside of their native lands.
This critical assessment of women in archaeology makes a major contribution to the history of archaeology. It reveals how selective the archaeological world has been in recognizing the contributions of those who have shaped its discipline, and how it has been particularly inclined to ignore the achievements of women archaeologists.
Excavating Women is essential reading for all students, teachers and researchers in archaeology who are interested in the history of their discipline and its sociopolitics.
carried out an excavation during the Nile trip), but in the scholarly acquisition of a vast amount of knowledge and understanding, which she disseminated in learned papers, in articles and reviews, and in private communication with other Egyptologists. She was, after all, the first to identify the Phoenician, Cypriote and other characters on sherds which Petrie had found in the Fayum, and of which he had sent her illustrations while he carried on his fieldwork; and it was she who led a movement
women in the Athens Archaeological Society 12.5 The first women in the Greek Archaeological Service by date of appointment 12.6 Numbers of male and female professionals in the Greek Archaeological Service (1829–1960) 12.7 Staffing of the Greek Archaeological Service (1994) 12.8 Academic staff in archaeology departments, Greece 13.1 Outline chronology of women who received their PhD or wrote their dissertation at the ‘Institut für Ur- und Frühgeschichte’ in Tübingen from 1921 to 1971 14.1
Karpinska (12) and H.CehakHolubowiczowa (11). These and other women also carried out their own field projects, thereby contributing to the development of excavation and survey methods from field-walking and rescue excavation to large seasonal digs. They used new techniques and collaborated with specialists from other disciplines. Many women were also involved in the work of antiquarian societies. In the period between the wars women took an active part in building the new Polish nation. Women did
of state, Mortimer Munck af Rosenschöld. From this marriage a daughter, Karin, was born. Her husband was soon appointed governor of the county of Jämtland-Härjedalen, and Hanna received many new representative and social duties. However, as parts of the material from Stora Förvar could be moved to the local museum, Hanna could still work with archaeology. During the years as wife of a county governor, she worked mainly as an author of popular literature. Many of her books were written for
features. One is the stress on women’s equality and independence in relation to men. The other is the emphasis on woman’s task as a mother and her responsibility for house and home. This means an equality in power-relations and a difference in social spheres. Equality and difference: that was also the split claim of the women’s movement in Hanna Rydh’s time. Equality was for most women a matter of justice, but at least in many intellectual circles, equality was also supposed to be a necessary