Encyclopedia of Historical Archaeology
Charles E. Orser Jr.
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The Encyclopedia of Historical Archaeology is a ground-breaking compendium of information about this ever-growing field. Concentrating on the post-1400 period as well as containing generic explanations of historical archaeology where needed, the encyclopedia is compiled by over 120 experts from around the world and contains more than 370 entries covering important concepts and sites.
linked to a household’s ability to grow tobacco. Thus, in order to produce wealth, households needed to obtain both land and labour. Consumer behaviour was linked to available labour resources, household production strategies and the ability to acquire productive land. Households made decisions to acquire land as a way to secure wealth, and invested in tools and animals in order to reproduce it. Other forms of material culture were used to make statements about social identity. 143 Consumer
use gender as a major analytical category. Four house sites were excavated during the fieldwork. The houses were one-roomed structures of canvas and bark with crude unshaped fireplaces of stone and mud mortar at one end. They were ephemeral dwellings, intended to be erected quickly on arrival at the field, and abandoned when a move to another field was necessary In contrast to the impermanent nature of the architecture, the interior fittings and material culture indicated that the homes were made
seventeenth-century gate piers (with very fine moulded brickwork) indicate the location of the New Place, next to the surviving early sixteenth-century brick Great Barn. Between 1875 and 1908, Lord Bolton sought to uncover the plan of the Old and New Houses, and Sir Charles Peers reported on these excavations in 1909. Stephen Moorhouse published the finds in 1970–1 (mainly seventeenth-century finds, mostly redeposited after the Civil War). David Allen has provided a full report on excavations
earth—ancient Benin and Ishan, southern Nigeria’, in K.W. Wessler (ed.) Historical Archaeology in Nigeria, Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, pp. 143–97. KENNETH G.KELLY Bergen, Norway According to saga tradition, Bergen was founded c. 1070 by the Norwegian king Olaf Kyrre. Located on Norway’s west coast, the town is sited around the bay of Vågen. The bay is flanked to the north by the Holmen promontory, where the royal and ecclesiastical centre (Bergenhus) lay, and to the south by the Nordnes
outposts had been destroyed, abandoned or, as was the case of Fort Pentagoet, replaced by the more undefended enterprise of a lone trader. Jean Vincent de St-Castin’s habitation in Maine, excavated by Alaric Faulkner between 1983 and 1993, was comprised merely of a modest dwelling and a storehouse/workshop, where St-Castin and his family traded powder, shot and tobacco to the local Wabanaki. Eighteenth-century Acadian agricultural settlement The eighteenth century saw great growth in the