Digging Through the Bible: Understanding Biblical People, Places, and Controversies through Archaeology
Richard A. Freund
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Many of our religious beliefs are based on faith alone, but archaeology gives the opportunity to find evidence about what really happened in the distant past-evidence that can have a dramatic impact on what and how we believe. Join celebrated archaeologist and rabbi Richard Fruend as he takes readers through digs he has led in the Holy Land, searching for evidence about key biblical characters and events.
Digging Through the Bible presents overviews of the evidence surrounding figures such as Moses, Kings David and Solomon, and Mary the mother of Jesus, as well as new information that can help us more fully understand the life and times in which these people would have lived. Freund also presents new evidence about finding the grave of the Teacher of Righteousness mentioned in the Dead Sea Scrolls, and gives a compelling argument about how the Exodus of the Israelites may have taken place in three separate waves over time, rather than in a single event as presented in the Bible.
In addition to discussing some of the greatest Biblical controversies of our day, Freund provides a compelling discussion of how to understand these debates and how much information is necessary to form new conclusions about the past. An engaging introduction to the practice of Biblical archaeology, Digging Through the Bible shares information about the Holy Land that can provide a powerful connection between past history and present faith.
other liquid libation on the stepped altar. The problem is that we tried, using experimental archaeology, to create cups like these out of pottery with the same number of holes and spacing, and we found that the liquids never quite flowed neatly through the holes. Recently, a colleague from Creighton University, Dr. Nicolae Roddy, has raised the issue that the tripodal cup may have been for dry incense shaking (like a salt and pepper dispenser) or for scenting of a sacrifice. This last suggestion
early Christianity. I see the Teacher of Righteousness as other Jewish leadership in the Greco-Roman period. One in which another Teacher of Righteousness continued after the death of the original and either followed the dictates of the earlier Teacher or initiated his own views; new leaders for each successive generation of Qumran. The Literary Evidence for the Origins of the Title: Moreh HaTzedeq The concept of a “Teacher”/Moreh as a leader in Judaism is difficult to trace. The term Moreh is
possess a priestly background and perhaps a Davidic lineage. Early on in the discussions of the scrolls, it was determined that there were three eschatological leaders: a prophet on the level of Moses, a Messiah of Aaron, and a Messiah of Israel. The famous passage (9.11) in 1QS Manual of Discipline reads: “They shall be ruled by the first laws with which the men of the community began to be instructed until the coming of the prophet and the messiahs of Aaron and Israel.” 1QS gives numerous
King David to Jerusalem or the City of David, a “suburb” of the Old City of Jerusalem. When Professor Yigal Shiloh was excavating in the 1970s–1980s in the City of David, it was one of the most exciting excavations I have ever seen. At every moment you expected to hear about the discovery of some history-altering artifact. But even during this period, no one artifact confirmed what the archaeologists needed to confirm the connection between King David and Jerusalem. It is clear from the beginning
the name of the entire area of Judea (and Israel) was also changed. Because Judea had become synonymous in the second century CE with insurrection (after two rebellions against the Romans), the name of the province was officially changed to Palestina. The use of this name “Palestine” seems to be a Greek form of the more ancient name known to the Romans: P(h)ilistina. From this period onward, the province became known as Palestine and the name continued into the twentieth century. Today, the