Robert L. Kelly
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
This text pairs two of archaeology's most recognized names: Robert L. Kelly and David Hurst Thomas, who together have over seventy years of experience leading excavations. The sixth edition of ARCHAEOLOGY reflects the most recent research and changes in the field, while covering core concepts in an exceptionally student-friendly fashion using personalized examples and high-interest topics. This edition continues a tradition of combining academic rigor with an engaging writing style that has made ARCHAEOLOGY one of the most well-respected and best-selling texts in the discipline. A rich array of supplemental resources is available for purchase, including a book companion website, as well as a CD-ROM developed by the authors entitled DOING FIELDWORK: ARCHAEOLOGICAL DEMONSTRATIONS.
contribute to our understanding and interpretation of archaeological sites, focusing on natural and cultural site formation processes. Our point here is simple: Archaeological stratigraphy is complex, but it can be understood. poral context through the application of stratigraphic principles and absolute dating techniques.” We’ll focus on stratigraphic principles in this chapter and discuss dating techniques in the next. For Waters, the second objective of geoarchaeology is “to understand the
regional traditions in material culture, and, toward the end of the period, experimented with agricultural crops, most notably maize. This may be followed by chapters that describe “Early Village” and “Pueblo” periods. The concepts of archaeological cultures and periods helped map out major spatial and temporal patterns in material culture. Periods record change over time, archaeological cultures record change over space. Knowing how and when material culture changed over time and space is an
projectile points and artifacts such as incised slates and carved wooden pegs (used to construct snares to trap small mammals). How do these observations help create phases? By comparing Gatecliff ’s components with those of other nearby sites, we define the spatial and temporal range of particular artifact types, and from this comparison archaeologists construct a regional chronology of phases. Briefly, assemblages (all items of one kind from one stratum or location) are grouped into
sample universe that is surveyed. Areas with a lot of variability in archaeological remains require larger sample fractions than do areas of low variability. sample units Survey units of a standard size and shape, determined by the research question and practical considerations, used to obtain the sample. UTM Universal Transverse Mercator, a grid system in which north and east coordinates provide a location anywhere in the world, precise to 1 meter. One solution is to start with a small uniform
churches in North America. Geomagnetic survey has progressed considerably since we searched for Mission Santa Catalina de Guale. Today we use an instrument called a fluxgate gradiometer to monitor magnetism in buried deposits (see Figure 3-10). The new instruments are quicker to use, more accurate, and less expensive, but the basic principles remain unchanged. As we discuss in the next section, we have recently conducted extensive geomagnetic surveys at several sites on St. Catherines Island,