Ancient Egypt: A Very Short Introduction
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The ancient Egyptians are an enduring source of fascination--mummies and pyramids, curses and rituals have captured our imaginations for generations. We all have a mental picture of ancient Egypt, but is it the right one? How much do we really know about this once great civilization?
In this absorbing introduction, Ian Shaw, one of the foremost authorities on Ancient Egypt, describes how our current ideas about Egypt are based not only on the thrilling discoveries made by early Egyptologists but also on fascinating new kinds of evidence produced by modern scientific and linguistic analyses. He also explores the changing influences on our responses to these finds, by examining the impact of Egyptology on various aspects of popular culture such as literature, cinema, opera, and contemporary art. He considers all aspects of ancient Egyptian culture, from tombs and mummies to the discovery of artifacts and the decipherment of hieroglyphs, and from despotic pharaohs to animal-headed gods. From the general reader interested in Ancient Egypt, to students and teachers of ancient history and archaeology, to museum-goers, this Very Short Introduction will not disappoint.
suggested that all the sightings were made at one place (e.g. Elephantine), but others, such as William Ward, have argued that they must have all been local observations, i.e. the religious festivals timed to coincide with astronomical events might actually have taken place on different days in different parts of the country. One document from Lahun dates a heliacal rising of Sirius to the seventh year of the reign of Senusret III, which would convert into an ‘absolute’ date of 1872 bc if the
types of data continues to grow, Egyptological studies tend to be split between linguists and archaeologists in the way that Gardin describes. Barry Kemp’s discussion of the administration of Nubia in the Middle Kingdom, employing both textual and archaeological data, indicates that textual sources can usually only reveal fragments of systems, whereas archaeology can suggest the ‘broad structural outlines in society’. Textual evidence, on the other hand, can often supply the individual details
three years before the disappearance of the queen herself. However, Grimal’s references to ‘spiteful gossip’ and ‘disgrace’ owe more to his imagination than to any actual sources of evidence. 92 This time it is a French Egyptologist, Suzanne Ratié, who rides gallantly to Hatshepsut’s rescue: The personality of Senenmut was therefore rich and complex. Certain aspects of his career are impenetrable. It seems that his influence is visible in all the great achievements of the reign at least
significant artefacts from this king’s reign, were both discovered at Hierakonpolis, his burial seems to have been located alongside those of the other rulers of Dynasties 0 and 1, in Cemetery B, at the site of Umm el-Qa’ab in Abydos, 150 km to the north-west of Hierakonpolis. The double-chamber tomb B17/18 has been identified as the likely resting place of Narmer, although the actual textual evidence associating it with him is fairly slim. Also in Cemetery B are the tombs of Narmer’s 1st-Dynasty
Narmer 60, 113 Mann, Thomas 145 Narmer cylinder 55, 102 Marfan’s Syndrome 147 Narmer ivory label 54–5, 102 In masks 129 Narmer mace-head 51, 52, 53 dex Mayans 8, 75, 80 Narmer Palette 1, 2, 3, 4–9, 29, 30, Medamud shrine 66 55 Medinet Habu temple 95, 132 Bat goddess 126 Medinet Maadi temple 66 gender 107–8 Mediterranean region 26, 103 Horus 134 Memnon colossi 14–15 interpretation of 48–9, 137 Memphis 56, 59, 68, 69 kingship 6–7, 82, 84, 85, 134 Menes 58, 59 military