Ancient Cuzco: Heartland of the Inca (Joe R. and Teresa Lozana Long Series in Latin American and Latino Art and Culture (Paperback))
Brian S. Bauer
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The Cuzco Valley of Peru was both the sacred and the political center of the largest state in the prehistoric Americas—the Inca Empire. From the city of Cuzco, the Incas ruled at least eight million people in a realm that stretched from modern-day Colombia to Chile. Yet, despite its great importance in the cultural development of the Americas, the Cuzco Valley has only recently received the same kind of systematic archaeological survey long since conducted at other New World centers of civilization.
Drawing on the results of the Cuzco Valley Archaeological Project that Brian Bauer directed from 1994 to 2000, this landmark book undertakes the first general overview of the prehistory of the Cuzco region from the arrival of the first hunter-gatherers (ca. 7000 B.C.) to the fall of the Inca Empire in A.D. 1532. Combining archaeological survey and excavation data with historical records, the book addresses both the specific patterns of settlement in the Cuzco Valley and the larger processes of cultural development. With its wealth of new information, this book will become the baseline for research on the Inca and the Cuzco Valley for years to come.
the Humanities, Office of Social Science Research, and the Department of Anthropology). Because this book is a summation of many years of research in the Cuzco region, certain sections have appeared elsewhere. Chapter 2 (The Inca Heartland) was first printed in The Development of the Inca State (University of Texas Press, 1992), and various sections that pertain to the pottery styles of the Cuzco region have appeared in The Early Ceramics of the Inca Heartland (Fieldiana Anthropology: The Field
incised incensario sherds but no Wari or Wari-related materials. The excavations revealed several structures as well as deep middens. Carbon extracted from the top of a small platform in direct contact with a shattered incised incensario provided a date of 1422 ± 151 BP (calibrated 95.4% probability AD 530–700).17 Soon after this date the site was abandoned. Until additional data are recovered, this date may also be used for the end of early Altiplano influence in the Cuzco region. As will be
and may mark the termination point for Wari influence in the valley (see below). The history of the Wari occupation of the Cuzco region also needs to be understood on a regional level. To accomplish this, we can now turn to the results of several other research projects in the Cuzco region and to the findings of our valley survey. The Wari in the Cuzco Region Pikillacta is not the only archaeological site in the Lucre Basin. During McEwan’s work at Pikillacta, he explored the Lucre Basin
Francisco Pizarro to his men. This document provides a lot-by-lot account of the division of Cuzco among the first Spaniards, and it contains various references to the important Inca buildings they came to own. Another important document is the chronicle of Pedro Pizarro. Cousin to the older and more famous Pizarro bothers (Francisco, Hernando, and Gonzalo), Pedro Pizarro was one of the few early conquistadors to write an account of the full conquest. He was present in Cuzco during its Spanish
the lords whom they represented. After the death of the lords, the idols were kept with their bodies, and both the bodies and the idols were always respected and served equally. The idols were kept very well dressed, and during the less solemn festivals, when the occasion did not warrant bringing out the bodies of the lords, their guauques or images were brought out. This custom was so ancient that if it was not a fabrication of theirs, it must date from the time of their earliest recollections.